Birth: of Thorpe Hesley
LUKE PARKIN and ANN HANCOCK
Luke Parkin was christened in the church at Wentworth, near Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, 29 January 1775. His family's residence was Thorpe Hesley, where the father was a nailer and later a grocer.
In 1787, according to the records of the Sheffield Cutlers' Company, Luke was apprenticed to George Meller to learn the cutler's trade. Cutlery made in the Sheffield area has long been renowned. Luke was twelve years old when he began his apprenticeship, the customary age for Sheffield cutlers to start. This meant moving from his parents' home to that of his master. The master was required to keep his apprentice “under his rule, government, instruction, and correction within his own house and among his own family where he dwells.” Generally the master provided “meat, drink, washing, lodging and apparel.” Standard clothing consisted of coat, waistcoat, breeches, hat, shirt, stockings, handkerchiefs, and shoes, all usually of the most common sort. Luke's master probably provided him some time to attend school, though likely not much.
After finishing his sojourn with the Meller family Luke married Ann Hancock, this on 29 December 1796 at Sheffield. They made their residence in Sheffield, where the christenings of their first few children appear, Luke being listed as a cutler. The Cutlers' Company records show that he became a Freeman in 1800.
In 1806 or 1807 Luke and Ann packed up their family and moved many miles south to Boston, Lincolnshire, where Luke continued his trade as a cutler. Several more children were born at Boston.
From 1815 a document has been found (West Riding of Yorkshire, Registry of Deeds) which Luke signed, a document dealing with a still unsettled portion of the estate of his uncle, Samuel Parkin, who had died in 1782. Luke is identified as “Luke Parkin of Boston in the County of Lincoln Cutler (eldest Son and Heir at Law of Jonathan Parkin late of Thorp Hesley in the Parish of Wath in the County of York Grocer deceased).”
In the 1842/3 directory of Lincolnshire Luke Parkin is listed as a gun maker and cutler, at Boston, living on High Street.
Ann passed away 22 Apr 1844, her age given as sixty-four, at the family home on High Street, the cause of death being “Dropsy.” After that Luke and his unmarried daughter, Sarah, who was deaf and dumb, moved into the home of his daughter Jane and her husband Peter Pinder. They lived in Skirbeck, a suburb of Boston. The 1851 census finds them there, Luke called a retired gunsmith.
Luke had prepared his will 7 September 1848. He died 2 August 1851 of “Bronchitis.” His will:
This is the last Will and Testament of me Luke Parkin of Skirbeck in the County of Lincoln Gentleman I give and bequeath unto my Grandson James Jameson my Silver Watch I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary the Wife of Robert Aldous the Feather Bed and Mattress on which I usually sleep and from and after the decease of my daughter Sarah Parkin I give and bequeath unto my daughter Jemima the wife of James Jamison the Feather Bed, Mattress and Chest of Drawers now used by my said daughter Sarah Parkin And I give devise and bequeath unto my friends James Walker of Kings Lynn in the County of Norfolk Dealer in Earthenware and Joseph Wilkinson of Grimesthorpe in the County of York Shear Maker All and singular my Real and Personal Estate and Effects whatsoever and wheresoever subject nevertheless to the specific bequeasts hereinbefore contained. To hold the same . . . upon Trust that they and the survivors of them . . . do pay in the first place all my just debts funeral and testamentary expences and the expences of proving this my Will . . . do from and out of the rents of my said Real Estate pay to my daughter Sarah Parkin the sum of twelve shillings weekly and every week during her natural life and after payment thereof and of the Interest from time to time to become due in respect of a sum of Three hundred and fifty Pounds advanced to me on mortgage by my Son in law Henry Simon Hurren and also of the necessary repairs and Insurance of and other outgoings incidental to my said Real Estate Upon Trust to allow the residue (if any) of the said Rents to accumulate during the lifetime of my said daughter Sarah and to invest such residue and accumulations as and when the same shall be received on Government Real or other goods and sufficient security And from and immediately after the decease of my said daughter Sarah Then . . . my said Trustees or the Survivors
.... do and shall sell and dispose of all my said Real Estate either together or in parcels by public auction or by private Contract as to them or him shall seem expedient for the most money and best price that can be reasonably had.
Upon Trust to pay thereout the said Mortgage debt of Three hun-dred and fifty Pounds and the Interest due thereon to the said Henry Simon Hurren and also all expenses attending the said Sale or Sales And do and shall pay apply and divide the residue of the said monies to arise from such sale as also the residue of my said trust moneys and the accumulations thereof unto and equally between and amongst my Children the said Jemima Jamison the said Mary Aldous, Eliza the wife of the said Henry Simon Hurren and Jane the wife of Peter Pinder share and share alike to whom respectively I hereby give and bequeath the same And I do hereby declare my wish to be that my said daughter Sarah should during her life continue to reside and board and lodge with my said Daughter Jane Pindar . . . And I do hereby nominate and appoint the said James Walker and Joseph Wilkinson Trustees and Executors of this my Will. . . I the said Luke Parkin have . . . set my hand this seventh day of September One thousand eight hundred and forty eight.
The mark of Luke Parkin
On the twenty seventh day of December one thousand eight hundred and fifty one James Walker one of the Executors within named was duly sworn and also make oath that the whole of the Personal Estate and Effects of the deceased at the time of his death did not amount in value to the sum of Twenty Pounds. Testator died on the second day of August 1851
In his will Luke calls one daughter Jemima--or at least the scribe wrote it that way. She is called Jesmina at her christening and as a witness to her sister Mary Anne's marriage. Mary Anne called her Josie.
Sarah, who was forty-eight years old when her father died, must -have lived on for several years. Luke's daughter Mary Anne moved to far away America and settled in Utah; her granddaughter, Risha, later recalled being told that Mary Anne received five hundred dolTars in inheritance money from England, which according to Luke's will, she would receive after Sarah's death. A neighbor stole the money and hid it in his hay. Though Luke's personal effects were worth little, according to the above document, his real estate holdings were apparently rather extensive.