Henry of LANCASTER 3rd Earl of Lancaster [Parents] [scrapbook] 1-4194 was born 2, 3, 4 about 1281 in Grosmont Castle, Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom. He died 5, 6, 7 on 22 Sep 1345 in Newark Abbey, Leicester, England, United Kingdom. Henry married 8, 9, 10 (MRIN:2044) Maud de CHAWORTH-4195 before 2 Mar 1296/1297 in England, United Kingdom.
Henry's will was probated 11 on 15 Feb 1345 in Leicestershire, England, United Kingdom.
HENRY OF LANCASTER, Knt., 2nd son, lord of Monmouth and Threecastles, and, in right of his wife, of East Garston and North Standen (in Hungerford), Berkshire, Lillingstone Dansey, Buckinghamshire, Etloe Duchy (m Awre) and Kempsford, Gloucestershire, King's Somborne, Hampshire, Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, Ogmore, Glamorgan, etc., born at Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire about 1281. I-Ic married after 30 Dec. 1291 (grant of her marriage) and before 2 March 1296/7 MAUD DE CHAWORTH, daughter and heiress of Patrick de Chaworth, Knt., of Kempsford, Gloucestershire, Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, and Ogmore, Glamorgan, by Isabel, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 9~ Earl of Warwick. She was born in 1282 (aged I in 1283). They had one son, Henry, K.G., and six daughters, Blanche, Maud, Eleanor, Mary, Joan, and Isabel. In 1297 he had livery of Monmouth and lands of his father beyond Severn. He served in Flanders in 1297-8 and during the wars with the Scots. He fought at the Battle of Falkirk 22 July 1298. He was summoned to Parliament 6 Feb. 1298/9, by writ directed iFlenrico tie Lancastre nepoti Regis and Henrico tie Lancastre, whereby he is held to have become Lord Lancaster. He took part in the siege of Caerlaverock in July 1300. He signed the Barons' letter to Pope Boniface in 1301 as D'tz's deMunem,ete. In 1307 he was pardoned for aiding the escape of John le Harper from prison. He and his wife attended the Coronation of King Edward II in 1308. In 1310 he was one of those who forced the King to agree to the appointment of the Lords Ordainers. In 1315-1316 • he joined the marcher lords in suppressing the rebellion of Llywelyn Bren. In 1318 he was in France with the king's leave in order to obtain “the heritage” which descended to him on his brother John's death. His wife, Maud, was living 4 August 1320, but died testate before 3 Dec. 1322, and was buried at Mottisfont Priory, of which she was patron, as co-heiress of William Briwere, one of the founders. In 1320 he joined the confederacy of the Marchers against the Despensers. He was heir in 1322 to his older brother, Thomas of Lancaster, Earl of Lancaster, Leicester, and Derby. In 1323 he petitioned the King and Council for the earldoms of Lancaster and Leicester. He received a writ of livery of the earldom and honour of Leicester 29 March 1324, becoming thereby Earl of Leicester. On the Queen's return to England with Roger de Mortimer in Sept. 1326, he joined her patty against King Edward II, which led to a general desertion of the King's cause. He was present as Earl of Lancaster and Leicester in 1326 at a meeting at Bristol which appointed Prince Edward keeper of the realm during his father, the King's absence, the King having fled to Wales. Earl Henry afterwards captured the King at Neath and took him to Llantrisant, Glamorgan 16 Nov. 1326. He was appointed to take charge of the King, and was responsible for his custody at Kenilworth till 4 April 1327. He was present at the Coronation of Edward III 1 Feb. 1326/7. In Oct. 1328 he refused to attend the Parliament. He soon quarreled with the Queen, and, in consequence, in Jan. 1328 the Queen's forces spent a week ravaging his lands in the neighborhood of Leicester. He collected an armed force and marched northwards to meet Mortimer but was forced to submit, after which his lands were handed back to him. In 1329 he was going “beyond seas” to France with a large retinue. In Dec. 1329 he was joined with the Bishop of Norwich in the negotiations with King Philippe of France. In April 1330 he had license to found a hospital for poor persons and pilgrims in his town of Leicester. Upon the fall of Mortimer, his close personal relations with the young King were renewed. In 1332 the King granted him 500 marks yearly for the better maintenance of his estate. In 1335 he was with the King at Newcasile-on-Tyne, where the invasion of Scotland by Edward III and Balliol was planned and carried out. In July 1345 he was appointed to the Council of Prince Lionel, Keeper of England, during the King's absence. SIR HENRY OF LANCASTER, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, Lord of Monmouth, died testate (P.C.C. 104 Beck) 22 Sept. 1345, and was buried with great state on the north side of the high altar of Newark Abbey, Leicester.
HENRY, EARL of LANCASTER.
Nativity of our Lady 1345. [fo. 104.]
In Norman French.
At my chapel of Leycester, in the presence of Fr. Alexander Abbot of Barlingos, Mestro llour' de Bale, & Sir Richd. Passem' my clerks.
To be buried in the Hospital of our Lady of Leiceater, in the choir before the High Altar.
Various charitable bequests.
My daus. Blanche Wake, Isabella, Maud, Johan, Alianore Countess of Arunde!, and Marie de P'cy.
William Baret, xli.
Nicholas de Colahull, xli.
Sir Ralph de Claybrok, x marks.
Sir John de Burton, x marks.
Bequests to Sir Ric. Passem', Master Rd. fenton, Brother Wm. Martyn, Wm. Handy, Wm. de Hampton, Will. de Burbago, John Russel, & John de Sapocote.
Executors :-My son Henry, Alexr. abbot of Ilarlinges, Mestr Hugh do Bale, Sire Ric. Passem', Mona' Ithbt. do ILung'ford, & John do Glouc'.
Proved at Leicester, 15 Feb. 1345.